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26. Juli 2016
Vorträge

Russian Migrants Abroad: Adaptation and Persistence of Values

Ein Vortrag von Kseniia Gatskova (IOS) und Leonid Polishchuk (Higher School of Economics, Moscow) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: Dienstag, 26. Juli 2016
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: IOS Regensburg, Raum 109

Since the end of the Cold War, cultural discrepancies between Western Europe and Russia have never been as explicit as in the last few years. Despite increased mobility and intensified knowledge exchange, Western and post-Soviet societies demonstrate divergence of institutional settings and norms, values, and attitudes. Evidence of such value gap can be seen among emigrants from Russia to developed market democracies. At the same time migrants are influenced by norms and institutions in the destination countries and thus one could expect a gradual convergence of norms and values after emigration. The existing literature does not provide clear insight into the patterns and trends of such convergence, if any. Our paper sheds new light on this matter by examining the evolution of norms and values of Russian immigrants to countries of Western and Central Europe and Israel. We adopt an innovative empirical approach which enables us to explain norms and values of Russian immigrants by the initial value gap at the time of their arrival and the time elapsed since the arrival. We test various hypotheses about the dynamics of value convergence, and measure the influence on the convergence process of the knowledge of language and the consumption of media (including Russian TV viewing) since emigration.


28. Juli 2016
Vorträge

Emigration and trust

Ein Vortrag von Dragos Radu (IOS) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: Dienstag, 28. Juli 2016
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: IOS Regensburg, Raum 109

Do large emigration flows erode social trust in sending countries?  The seminar will discuss conceptual and empirical challenges in answering this question. I attempt to qualify the available evidence that increasing labour and population outflows are detrimental to collective-mindedness in the communities of origin. I combine aggregate and micro data for selected East European sending countries. My preliminary findings question the existence of a general link between emigration choices on the one side and on the other side the social trust, organisational membership and political participation of non-migrants who remain rooted in sending countries.


9. August 2016
Vorträge

Preparing tariff scenarios with TASTE

Ein Vortrag von Florian Freund (Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, Braunschweig) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: Dienstag, 9. August 2016
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: IOS Regensburg, Raum 109

Modelling tariff liberalisation in line with preferential trade agreements is a complex issue. When trade agreements phase-in, typically not all tariffs are abolished immediately. In fact, there are several exemptions and the remaining tariffs phase-out over a rather long implementation period. Additionally, tariff reductions are negotiated on the disaggregated product level of the Harmonized System (HS) with at least 6 digits. In most cases this does not coincide with model level of aggregation such as in the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP)-Model. Nevertheless, in order to prepare those detailed tariff scenarios, the modeller needs to handle a vast amount of data on bilateral trade flows and tariffs. Since processing this massive number of information is involved, many researchers have overlooked the complex implications of the nuanced nature of trade agreements. To overcome this problem Mark Horridge and David Laborde provide a Tariff Analytical and Simulation Tool for Economists (TASTE) which allows for more easy preparation and aggregation of tariff data. Based on the MAcMapHS6-database huge amount of information about bilateral trade flows and the corresponding applied and bound tariff rates is incorporated in TASTE. Consequentially, the software allows the modeller to generate complex tariff scenarios on the granular HS6-level which can then easily be merged to the desired model level of aggregation. The aim of this presentation is to provide a short description of power and scope of the TASTE-Software.


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