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Forschung, Veranstaltungen, Publikationen

Corruption in Eastern/Southeastern Europe and Latin America: Comparative Perspectives

Fifth Annual Conference of the Institute for East and Southeast European Studies
29 June – 1 July 2017, IOS Regensburg.

Freie Stellen Text
Gastwiss. Programm Text
21. Februar 2017
Vorträge

Corporate Governance and Investment: Evidence from Russian Unlisted Firms

Ein Vortrag von Carsten Sprenger (Higher School of Economics, Moskau) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 21.2.2017
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

In this paper, we investigate how firm-level indicators of corporate governance affect financing constraints, measured by the cash flow sensitivity of investment. The focus is on unlisted firms, which represent a large part of the economy, especially in emerging markets, and which are more likely to suffer from asymmetric information problems in accessing external funds for investment. We develop two original corporate governance indices based on two rounds of a large-scale survey of Russian enterprises – one for shareholder protection (including board composition and procedures) and one for transparency (including information disclosure and audit). We estimate standard investment regressions with a proxy for investment opportunities and cash flows as the main independent variables, augmented by interaction terms with our corporate governance indices and variables capturing ownership structure. The central result is that better shareholder protection diminishes the cash flow sensitivity of investment, particularly in firms with an outside controlling owner and in firms with low managerial ownership. In contrast, more transparency might even exacerbate financing constraints in some cases. We address the problem of endogeneity of corporate governance by using fixed-effects regressions and an instrumental variable approach. The latter exploits the particular legal framework in Russia where legal provisions for corporate governance depend on a firm's number of shareholders.


16. Februar 2017
Vorträge

Resolving Non-Performing Loans

Ein Vortrag von Reiner Martin (European Central Bank) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 16.2.2017 (Donnerstag!)
Zeit: 10.00 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

The high stock of non-performing loans (NPLs) in the euro area as well as in other countries is an important cause for concern for policymakers. Efforts to resolve this problem have increased significantly in the course of 2016, by supervisors and macroprudential policymakers alike. To relieve capital constraints faced by many banks, these efforts should be complemented with structural reforms to recover the value of NPLs in some countries. Against this background, this presentation discusses the negative effects that large NPLs stocks can have on financial stability and the real economy, the various options available to deal with NPLs and impediments to the functioning of the NPL market, highlighting sources of information asymmetry and structural inefficiencies.


14. Februar 2017
Vorträge

The specific systemic problems of innovation systems in post-socialist central Europe

Ein Vortrag von Niclas Rüffer (ifm, Universität Mannheim) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 14.2.2017
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

We analyse knowledge and technology transfer in the regional innovation system of a low performing Polish region in comparison with international best practice cases in Germany, the Netherlands, England, and China. We study inter-sectoral, intra-sectoral and tri-sectoral collaboration patterns of the subsystem of the triple helix (the scientific subsystem, the political subsystem, and the business community). We identify comparatively low levels of trust and social capital as central factors hampering cooperation in the Polish region confronted with the international best practice cases. We propose to introduce the analysis of trust towards public sector entities (including research institutions) and of social capital in the analysis of innovation systems in post-socialist countries.


14. Februar 2017
Vorträge

Der Stalin-Kult in Geschichte und Gegenwart Georgiens

Ein Vortrag von Prof. Dr. Oliver Reisner (Tiflis).
Eine Veranstaltung der Graduiertenschule für Ost- und Südosteuropastudien in Kooperation mit dem IOS.
Datum: Dienstag, 14.02.2017
Zeit: 16-18 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017)


2. Februar 2017
Vorträge

Yugoslavia, the Non-Aligned and Indonesia in 1960

Ein Vortrag von Tvrtko Jakovina (Universität Zagreb).
Datum: Donnerstag, 2.2.2017
Zeit: 14-16 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4, Raum 017


31. Januar 2017
Vorträge

Austerity and Gender Inequalities in Europe in Times of Crisis

Ein Vortrag von Cristiano Perugini (Universität Perugia) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 31.1.2017
Zeit: 10.00 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

The great recession, and the countercyclical responses by European governments that followed, triggered an extensive wave of fiscal adjustments. The implementation of these austerity measures, although underpinned by a widespread consensus, underwent severe criticism. While their effects on output and employment have been extensively investigated, their impacts on wage inequality have received relatively less attention. In this paper we focus on the consequences of austerity measures on gender wage inequalities. After having described the literature-based conceptual framework of our analysis, we provide empirical evidence on the effects of austerity measures on: (i) the adjusted gender wage gap; and (ii) the patterns of gender horizontal segregation. The analysis covers the group of EU-28 countries in the years from 2010 to 2013. Results show that austerity measures (both tax-based and expenditure-based) impacted significantly on various sides of gender wage inequality, putting at risk the relatively little progress achieved in Europe so far.


17. Januar 2017
Vorträge

Gender Health Difference in Adaptation to Climate Change

Ein Vortrag von Vladimir Otrachshenko (Nova School of Business & Economics, Lissabon) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 17.1.2017
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

The important benefits of greenhouse gas mitigation policies are the human health improvements and the reduced mortality risks due to extreme temperatures, both hot and cold. Yet, there is little evidence in the literature at a country level that quantifies such impact, especially from the perspective of gender difference in health. This study fills this gap by examining the impact of cold and hot weather shocks on gender mortality. We also explore the gender health difference in adaptation to climate change. The findings of this study can be used for a cost-benefit analysis of the greenhouse mitigation policies.


12. Januar 2017
Vorträge

The European Union through the eyes of Ukrainian think tankers: Studying EU perceptions post-Euromaidan

Ein Vortrag von Vera Axyonova (Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 12.1.2017 (Donnerstag!)
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

The 2013–2014 Euromaidan revolution in Ukraine demonstrated the power of social mobilisation in the country, which had been previously largely underestimated. Triggered by the refusal of the former Ukrainian President Yanukovych to sign an Association Agreement with the European Union (EU), the revolution became a highpoint of civil engagement and as a result led to a strengthened role of civil society in policy formulation, including vis-à-vis the EU. Before conceptualising this new role of civil society, it is important to understand how Ukrainian non-state actors see Europe and what forms their attitudes towards European integration. This paper seeks to examine perceptions (or images) of the European Union and its initiatives (such as the Eastern Partnership and the Association Agreement) among a specific group of civil society actors, namely think tanks (as elite opinion makers), in Ukraine following the Euromaidan revolution. The study maps discursive frames used by representatives of think tanks working in the field of foreign and security policy analysis or performing the functions of watchdogs in such sectors as democratisation, public administration reform, and economic liberalisation. Methodologically, the study draws on content analysis of policy related papers published by the above organisations and on complementary expert interviews with their representatives.


20. Dezember 2016
Vorträge

Russian Oligarchs and Economic Inequality in Russian Regions

Ein Vortrag von Jarko Fidrmuc (Zeppelin University/IOS research fellow) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 20.12.2016
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

We trace the rise of the so called oligarchs in post-Soviet Russia and examine their relationship to income distribution in Russia. When Russia moved to a market economy in the 1990s a new business elite evolved. Russia's distinctive path into the market economy, among other factors, gave rise to the oligarchs who now control large parts of the economy and has a strong stand within politics and society. Using a unique regional data set on the locations of oligarchs' businesses across the Russian regions, we tests whether Russian oligarchs are related to income distribution. Results show significantly higher levels of income inequality in regions with a higher presence of oligarchs that cannot be explained by other regional or structural characteristics.


6. Dezember 2016
Vorträge

Steps of contract enforcement: The Lawyer’s Guide for the Applied Economist

Ein Vortrag von Miriam Frey (IOS) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 6.12.2016
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

The recent empirical literature on international trade has highlighted the importance of the quality of institutions as trade flows and trade patterns react to legal settings. Economists usually refer to these institutions as the rule of law. This concept encompasses various aspects of legal institutions such as property rights, corruption and contract enforcement. At the same time, the rule of law is often only covered by a single indicator in empirical economic studies. We argue that it is worth to have a closer look especially at the different steps of contract enforcement (1. constitution of rights and obligations in the phase of contract drafting 2. ways to a judgment 3. enforcement of a judgment) when studying international trade issues as transnational contracts on the delivery of goods and services require an interaction between the legal systems of different countries. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to critically assess the role of the enforceability of transnational contracts in empirical trade analyses.


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