Forschung, Veranstaltungen, Publikationen

Fliehen und Ankommen – Flucht und Vertreibung in Geschichte und Gegenwart

Eine Veranstaltungsreihe zu zentralen Aspekten von Flucht und Vertreibung aus historischer und gegenwärtiger Perspektive. Von Oktober 2016 bis Januar 2017. In Kooperation mit dem Institut für Geschichte der Universität Regensburg, dem Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS) und dem Kunstforum Ostdeutsche Galerie.

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Gastwiss. Programm Text
10. Oktober 2016

An wessen Seite sollen wir ziehen?

Ein Vortrag von Dr. Flavius Solomon, in Kooperation mit der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek im Rahmen der Präsentationsreihe „Durch Niederlagen zum Sieg? Rumäniens Eintritt in den Ersten Weltkrieg 1916" (vom 5. Oktober 2016 bis 5. Januar 2017).
Datum: Montag, 10. Oktober 2016
Zeit:  19 Uhr
Ort: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Ostlesesaal, Ludwigstraße 16,  80539 München

10. August 2016

The Persistence of the Past: How Violence and Genocide in Ottoman Turkey Affect Our World Today

Ein Vortrag von Prof. Ronald Grigor Suny (University of Michigan).
Veranstalter: Graduiertenschule für Ost- und Südosteuropastudien, Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung
Datum: Mittwoch, 10. August 2016
Zeit: 16-18 Uhr c.t.
Ort: Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4, Regensburg, Raum 017

9. August 2016

Preparing tariff scenarios with TASTE

Ein Vortrag von Florian Freund (Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut, Braunschweig) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: Dienstag, 9. August 2016
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: IOS Regensburg, Raum 109

Modelling tariff liberalisation in line with preferential trade agreements is a complex issue. When trade agreements phase-in, typically not all tariffs are abolished immediately. In fact, there are several exemptions and the remaining tariffs phase-out over a rather long implementation period. Additionally, tariff reductions are negotiated on the disaggregated product level of the Harmonized System (HS) with at least 6 digits. In most cases this does not coincide with model level of aggregation such as in the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP)-Model. Nevertheless, in order to prepare those detailed tariff scenarios, the modeller needs to handle a vast amount of data on bilateral trade flows and tariffs. Since processing this massive number of information is involved, many researchers have overlooked the complex implications of the nuanced nature of trade agreements. To overcome this problem Mark Horridge and David Laborde provide a Tariff Analytical and Simulation Tool for Economists (TASTE) which allows for more easy preparation and aggregation of tariff data. Based on the MAcMapHS6-database huge amount of information about bilateral trade flows and the corresponding applied and bound tariff rates is incorporated in TASTE. Consequentially, the software allows the modeller to generate complex tariff scenarios on the granular HS6-level which can then easily be merged to the desired model level of aggregation. The aim of this presentation is to provide a short description of power and scope of the TASTE-Software.

28. Juli 2016

Emigration and trust

Ein Vortrag von Dragos Radu (IOS) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: Dienstag, 28. Juli 2016
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: IOS Regensburg, Raum 109

Do large emigration flows erode social trust in sending countries?  The seminar will discuss conceptual and empirical challenges in answering this question. I attempt to qualify the available evidence that increasing labour and population outflows are detrimental to collective-mindedness in the communities of origin. I combine aggregate and micro data for selected East European sending countries. My preliminary findings question the existence of a general link between emigration choices on the one side and on the other side the social trust, organisational membership and political participation of non-migrants who remain rooted in sending countries.

26. Juli 2016

Russian Migrants Abroad: Adaptation and Persistence of Values

Ein Vortrag von Kseniia Gatskova (IOS) und Leonid Polishchuk (Higher School of Economics, Moscow) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: Dienstag, 26. Juli 2016
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: IOS Regensburg, Raum 109

Since the end of the Cold War, cultural discrepancies between Western Europe and Russia have never been as explicit as in the last few years. Despite increased mobility and intensified knowledge exchange, Western and post-Soviet societies demonstrate divergence of institutional settings and norms, values, and attitudes. Evidence of such value gap can be seen among emigrants from Russia to developed market democracies. At the same time migrants are influenced by norms and institutions in the destination countries and thus one could expect a gradual convergence of norms and values after emigration. The existing literature does not provide clear insight into the patterns and trends of such convergence, if any. Our paper sheds new light on this matter by examining the evolution of norms and values of Russian immigrants to countries of Western and Central Europe and Israel. We adopt an innovative empirical approach which enables us to explain norms and values of Russian immigrants by the initial value gap at the time of their arrival and the time elapsed since the arrival. We test various hypotheses about the dynamics of value convergence, and measure the influence on the convergence process of the knowledge of language and the consumption of media (including Russian TV viewing) since emigration.

21. Juli 2016

Below Replacement: Recent Trends in Chilean Fertility

Ein Vortrag von Serafima Chirkova (University of Santiago, Chile) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 21.07.2016 (Donnerstag!)
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

The paper studies whether implementation of paid, job-protected parental leave has an effect on the Chilean birth rates. I exploit a reform in parental leave system that established 18 weeks of paid, job-protected leave for working parents. Using data from Vital Statistics on the population of birth between 2010-2013 I analyze the impact of the introduced incentives on the conception and abortion rates. I find that the reform has a positive impact on the fertility decision in the short-run, the conception rates of working females increase up to 0,45. The effect is pronounced both for first and second children. In addition, fertility responses vary across the Chilean regions. The effect duplicates in the regions in comparison with Santiago, the capital and largest city of Chile. However, I do not find any evidence that the reform has a significant impact on the abortion rates.

12. Juli 2016

The influence of religion on economy

Ein Vortrag von Marat Mamedbakov (Ural Federal University, Graduate School of Economics and Management) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 12. Juli 2016
Zeit: Beginn 15.30 Uhr!
Ort: IOS Regensburg, Raum 109

Religion and religiosity are of acknowledged socio-economic importance. E.g., recent literature links terrorist attacks to the performance of Islamic economies. Despite the existing literature on the impact of religion on economic activity, there is little evidence yet on the role of particular religious denominations. This paper reviews the literature on the impact of religion on the economy and estimates an econometric model of the impact of religions (Islam and Christianity) on such economic indicators as GDP and the Human Development Index (HDI). In addition, the role of happiness and education for these indicators is studied. The results suggest that level of religiosity of people does affect economic outcomes.

7. Juli 2016

Die Wohnungsfrage in Ost und West. Wohnungspolitik, Architekten und experimentelle Wohnsiedlungen in Ungarn und in der BRD 1948-1960

Ein Vortrag von Markus Keller, im Rahmen des Forschungskolloquiums "Geschichte und Sozialanthropologie Südost- und Osteuropas".
Zeit: Donnerstag, 07.07.2016, 14.00 - 16.00 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017)

Programm Sommersemester 2016

7. Juli 2016

The Shadow of the Family: Historical Roots of Particularism in Europe

Ein Vortrag von Maria Kravtsova (Laboratory for Comparative Social Research, HSE Moscow) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 07. Juli 2016 (Donnerstag!)
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: IOS Regensburg, Raum 109

This study provides new evidence on the impact of household formation customs that existed in the past on present day societal institutions and cultural traits. We develop and test a hypothesis that these customs affect the extent to which particularism is spread in societies nowadays. When the prevalence of particularism is high, people tend to treat other people basing on specific circumstances or personal backgrounds and pay much attention to social status, kinship or social connections. The opposite of particularism is universalism when people treat other people basing on the same universal rules equally applied to all. The high prevalence of particularism in society corrodes the rule-of-law principle, justifies the partiality of state institutions, and feeds corruption.
As a testing ground for our hypothesis we consider European countries covered by Life in Transition Survey (LiTs) in 2010. We regress various measures of individuals’ particularistic-type values and behaviors on a battery of historical indicators that reflect different traits of the family system existed in the region where these individuals live now. All subnational historical indicators we use are derived directly from national censuses of the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th century. To assign historical indicators to contemporary localities we place these localities on the historical maps of European countries using their geographical coordinates. Our preliminary empirical findings tend to support our hypothesis: individuals living in the regions where households had a larger stem or kin component, the use of servants was less common, and earlier marriage was more widespread, are more supportive to particularism.

30. Juni 2016

Die Nachkriegsgeneration in Bosnien und Herzegowina - eine skeptische, vergessene oder verlorene Generation?

Ein Vortrag von Manuela Brenner, im Rahmen des Forschungskolloquiums "Geschichte und Sozialanthropologie Südost- und Osteuropas".
Zeit: Donnerstag, 30.06.2016, 14.00 - 16.00 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017)

Programm Sommersemester 2016

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