Forschung, Veranstaltungen, Publikationen

Doppeltagung (Regensburg, Marburg):

Bilder und Sprachen von Not, Gewalt und Mobilisierung. Das östliche Europa nach 1918 in medialen Repräsentationen

Call for papers

1. Tagung: Der Nachkrieg
IOS Regensburg 12.–13. April 2018

Eine ausführliche Beschreibung der Tagung und des CfP finden Sie hier.
Bitte bewerben Sie sich über dieses Onlineportal.
Deadline für Referatsvorschläge: 31. Juli 2017

Freie Stellen Text
Gastwiss. Programm Text
8. August 2017

On the Political Economy of Financial Development

Ein Vortrag von Sumon K. Bhaumik (University of Sheffield) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 8. August 2017
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

It is now stylized to think of institutions as the key determinants of growth and development, and it is tempting to think that these institutions evolve in a deterministic manner from the histories associated with different contexts. Financial development, as a case in point, is often viewed through the prism of formal institutions such as those that protect investors' rights, and it is often argued that the emergence of these institutions can be traced back to the legal origins of the relevant countries. This view glosses over the fact that the existence and nature of formal institutions depends on interactions among interest groups which, among other things, makes the formal institutions mutate over time, reflecting the changing nature of coalitions among these interest groups. In other words, the nature of formal institutions in a context may be shaped by what can best be described as its political economy. In this presentation, I plan to discuss the theories and evidence associated with the political economy of financial development, potentially with conjectures about the implications of this political economy view for financial development in emerging market economies.

3. August 2017

Risk Attitudes, Informal Employment and Wages: Evidence from a Transition Country

Ein Vortrag von Hartmut Lehmann (University of Bologna) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 3. August 2017 (Donnerstag!)
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

Using data from the four waves of the Ukrainian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey – ULMS (2003, 2004, 2007 and 2012), we analyze whether workers with a higher willingness to take risks are more likely to select into informal employment contracts. The data permit us to distinguish between five employment states: formal and informal self-employment, formal salaried employment, voluntary informal salaried employment and involuntary informal salaried employment. The empirical evidence reveals risk attitudes as a strong determinant of the incidence of all types of informal employment. We take this as evidence that the labor market in Ukraine is rather integrated and that segmentation plays a minor role. Our earnings risk analysis demonstrates that workers with a higher willingness to take risks are more likely to choose employment states with a wider distribution of residual wages. We also provide evidence that our results are not driven by reverse causality: risk attitudes impact on the choice of employment state whilst this latter does not seem to influence risk attitudes.

1. August 2017

The impact of non-cognitive skills and attitudes towards risk and trust on internal migration – Evidence from Ukraine

Ein Vortrag von Sinem H. Ayhan (IZA Bonn) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 1. August 2017
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

This paper provides evidence on the impacts of non-cognitive skills and attitudes towards risk on the decision to migrate from rural to urban areas. Our analysis is based on a unique four-wave panel of Ukrainian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey for the period between 2003 and 2012. We adopt the Five Factor Model of personality structure, which was elaborated in the personal psychology literature, and use it in the evaluation of non-cognitive skills. Our results suggest that such personality traits as openness to new experience and the willingness to take risks increase the probability of migration. On the other hand, the non-cognitive skills conscientiousness and extraversion are found to be negatively associated with the propensity to migrate. The effects are statistically and quantitatively significant, and mainly driven by movements from rural areas into cities. Our results are robust to several sensitivity checks, including tests for reverse causality.

26. Juli 2017

Aus der sowjetischen Verfolgung in die Glaubens-Freiheit: Kirchen in Russland und der Ukraine

Kolloquium zu Kirchen im (Post)Sozialismus.
Datum: 26. Juli 2017
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Landshuter Straße 4, 93047 Regensburg, Raum 319

25. Juli 2017

Mapping the regional and ethnic diversity of Moldova in the past and present

Ein Vortrag von Dr. Dorin Lozovanu (Institute of Ecology and Geography, Academy of Sciences of Moldova).

Datum: Dienstag, 25. Juli 2017
Zeit: von 10 bis 12 Uhr
Ort: Wissenschaftszentrum Ost- und Südosteuropa Regensburg, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017) 

25. Juli 2017

Gagauzia and Gagauzians: new entity and its realities

Ein Vortrag von Dr. Dorin Lozovanu (Institute of Ecology and Geography, Academy of Sciences of Moldova).

Datum: Dienstag, 25. Juli 2017
Zeit: von 10 bis 12 Uhr
Ort: Wissenschaftszentrum Ost- und Südosteuropa Regensburg, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017) 

25. Juli 2017

Trade patterns and institutional trade-offs

Ein Vortrag von Richard Frensch (IOS, Universität Regensburg) und Stephan Huber (Universität Regensburg) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 25. Juli 2017
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

There are (at least) two mechanisms to connect labor market institutions (LMI) to our ongoing work on the Rule of Law: (1) Following Levchenko (2013), we argue that low investment efficiency due to hold-ups particularly in complex production relationships between investors and non-investors (i.e., labor), may be aggravated by bad Rule of Law creating rents. However, the same is true for more power on behalf of labor to redistribute rents away from investors, potentially linked to rigid labor market institutions. (2) Caballero et al. (2013) emphasize the key distinction between official and effective labor market regulation, measuring effective labor regulation by interacting official measures of job security provision with measures of Rule of Law (and government efficiency), and find that job security regulation hampers reallocation and restructuring, especially in countries where the Rule of Law is strong. We find that in the long run non-poor countries with (Rule-of-Law independent) higher propensities to export Rule-of-Law intensive goods have less rigid LMI; i.e., we find a negative cet. par. impact from RoL-intensity within the fragmented goods category on labor market rigidity (LMR). Within the framework of hold-up and incomplete contracts foundations of trade theory explanations to why we observe differences in institutional quality across countries, this appears to motivate an institutional trade-off when opening up an economy to foreign competition: to avoid losing all rents to foreign producers, labor in complex production relationships faces the choice to either lobby for higher quality of the Rule of Law or for lower degrees of labor market regulation. Also, effective labor market rigidity appears to be a relevant concept: in the long run, countries with (effective LMR independent) higher propensities to export effective-LMR-intensive goods have more rigid effective LMR.

21. Juli 2017

IOS Working Papers No. 367 ist erschienen

Are some owners better than others in Czech privatized firms? Even meta-analysis can’t make us perfectly sure, Ichiro Iwasaki and Evžen Kočenda, 46 S., IOS Working Papers 367, Juli 2017.

We use a total of 1171 estimates extracted from 34 previous studies and perform a meta-analysis to examine the relationship between ownership structures and firm performance in the Czech mass-privatized firms. We find that, in contrast to the remarkable effect of foreign ownership on firm performance and restructuring activities, domestic private entities were incapable of outperforming the state as owners of Czech companies. Our assessment of publication selection bias, however, indicates that the collected estimates do not contain genuine evidence for many types of corporate ownership. Further development and improvement in this study area are necessary to capture the true effect. Finally, we also point at the importance to draw (metaanalysis) inferences based on studies that employ adequate methodology.

20. Juli 2017

Emigrationsbuch von Ulf Brunnbauer nun auch als Paperback erschienen

Ulf Brunnbauers Buch "Globalizing Southeastern Europe. Emigrants, America, and the State since the late Nineteenth Century" ist nun auch als Paperback erhältlich.

At the end of the nineteenth century, Southeastern Europe became a prime sending region of emigrants to overseas countries, in particular the United States. This massive movement of people ended in 1914 but remained consequential long thereafter, as emigration had created networks, memories, and attitudes that shaped social and political practices in Southeastern Europe long after the emigrants had left. This book’s main concern is to reconstruct the political and socioeconomic impact of emigration on Southeastern Europe. In contrast to migration studies’ traditional focus on immigration, this book concentrates on the sending countries. The author provides a comparative analysis of the socioeconomic causes and consequences of emigration and argues that migrant networks and emulation effects were crucial for the persistence of migration inclinations. It also brings the state back in the emigration story and discusses political responses towards emigration by governments in the region before 1914. Emigration policy became closely aligned with nation-building and social engineering. These stances continued even after emigration had subsided: interwar Yugoslavia, which is studied in detail, tried to create a Yugoslav “diaspora” in America by turning emigrants from its territory into expatriate citizens. Hence, a nationalizing state exploited transnational linkages. The book closes with the emigration policies of communist Yugoslavia until the early 1960s,when experiments and experiences of the government were crucial for its eventual decision to liberalize labor migration to the West (the only communist government to do so). A paramount reason for this was the fact that emigrants, both as a place of memory and a source of remittances, continued to be significant. This book therefore presents emigration as a complex social phenomenon that requires a multifaceted historical approach in order to reveal the effects of migration on different temporal and spatial scales.


19. Juli 2017

Political and economic reforms to preserve identity in frozen conflicts: the case of Abkhazia

Ein Vortrag von Michael Lambert / Sophie Clamadieu / Bettina Richman (Caucasus Initiative, Sorbonne Universität, Paris).

Datum: Mittwoch, 19. Juli 2017
Zeit: 15.00–16.30 Uhr
Ort: Landshuter Straße 4, 93047 Regensburg, Raum 109 (1. OG)

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