The database of economic and social models is an additional service offered by the IOS. As a part of the research project “International comparison of social models” the database provides systematic information on important aspects of economic and social models in (Eastern) European countries.
Comparison of Economic and Social Models
Growth, employment and social welfare are dependent on different factors analysed within economic and social models, such as the institutional organisation of labour markets, the organisation of social cohesion, and the distributional equity. Globalisation and demographic trends represent future challenges to these economic and social models. Information comparing various national social models and general institutional architecture structures could provide ideas and solutions, how to remain or how to become (more) competitive.
The database includes the following countries:
the member states of the European Union (EU 27; EU28 from 2013 onwards), which are comprised by the previous members of the EU (EU 15) and the new member states of the EU which joined in 2004 and 2007 (EU 10: Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, and EU 12: EU 10 + Malta and Cyprus); Croatia joins this group in mid of 2013;
the Western Balkan countries (WB 6; WB 5 from 2013 onwards), Croatia (until 2013), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania;
the successor states of the Soviet Union (CIS 12: Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia (no member of CIS since 18.8.2009), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan).
The database is divided into ten areas:
- Macro-economic Development
- Social Inclusion
- Labour Market Institutions
- Public Finance
- Education and Innovation
- Environment and Energy
In each area, the following formats are available:
- Key indicators (in Excel format) for all countries starting 1995;
- Tables and graphics (Excel format or pdf) of individual indicators and countries or groups of countries. Reports based on IOS publications offer additional commentary on the data. The data in parentheses refer to the countries or groups of countries in question as well as the data’s time span.
A further option to access data concerning most key indicators is the interactive graphical interface. The interactive map shows data from year 1995 onwards.
Additionally, a country snapshot can be downloaded for every Eastern European country with graphics containing important indicators (growth rate, employment and unemployment rates, social spending ratio, social inequality and Human Development Index).
Spotlight Ukraine surveys current economic development in the Ukraine.
Alzbeta Mangarella, Ph.D.