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Regensburger Vorträge zum östlichen Europa

Die einzelnen Termine und Vortragsthemen im Frühjahr-/Sommerprogramm 2018 entnehmen Sie bitte dem Plakat.

Seminarreihe des Arbeitsbereichs Ökonomie am IOS

Zeit: Dienstag, 13.30–15.00 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)
Programm Sommer 2018

Forschungslabor: „Geschichte und Sozialanthropologie Südost‐ und Osteuropas“

Zeit: Donnerstag, 14–16 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017)
Programm Sommersemester 2018

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26. Juni 2018
Vorträge

Training the Postcolonial Elites: The Socialist Countries, the Third World, and the Educational Revolution

Ein Vortrag von Visiting Fellow Constantin Katsakioris (Universität Leipzig). 
Datum: 26. Juni 2018
Zeit: 11.00 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

Since the mid-1950s, training the postcolonial elites became a major objective of the Eastern “bloc’s” development assistance to the Third World. While responding to the recurrent demands coming from the South, the socialist countries saw this aid as a geopolitical and economic investment of utmost importance for building an East-South alliance, which would in turn undermine the Western interests and global power. Accordingly, East-South cooperation was established at all educational levels and took the form either of aid granted to the less developed countries (LDCs), or of civil cooperation paid by the LDCs under various agreements. Despite the renewed interest in the history of the Second-Third World relations, this cooperation has received little attention. This paper will retrace its history and investigate the cooperation’s impact on the phenomenon that several sociologists of education labelled the “world educational revolution.” It will argue that educational cooperation constitutes one of the most important and neglected chapters in the history of the East-South relations.


26. Juni 2018
Vorträge

Social fund distribution, electoral outcomes and violence in Kenya

Ein Vortrag von Marina Dodlova (Universität Passau)  im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 26. Juni 2018
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)  

This paper explores how local political motives influence the allocation of social funds by the example of the Constituency Development Fund (CDF) established in Kenya in 2003. Using panel data on the budget of social projects initiated by the CDF in 2003-2014 and Kenyan election dataset we show that politicians distribute more social funds in areas where they tend to increase their vote shares, that is in areas with low population density and in areas where the majority of population is not of the same ethnicity as the president. We instrument vote shares by their lagged values. We also find that the split of constituencies facilitates the political targeting of non-co-ethnic voters It makes evident that after 2012 the social fund allocation became even more strategical. We thus demonstrate that the distribution of social projects is based not only on neediness criteria but also on electoral support increasing mechanisms and violence. Hence, we do not confirm ethnic favoritism but accentuate vote buying.


27. Juni 2018
Vorträge

Mapping the Old Serbia in European Cartography: Knowledge, Ideology, Collective Memory

Ein Vortrag von Gastwissenschaftler Bogdan Trifunović, PhD (Faculty of “Artes Liberales”, University of Warsaw).
Datum: 27. Juni 2018
Zeit: 11.00 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)  

In the Serbian 19th century national discourse the term Old Serbia (Stara Srbija in Serbian) describes the lands once part of the medieval Serbian state, in the south of the Principality of Serbia and under the Ottoman rule from the 15th century. These were mostly the territory of the Ottoman vilayet (province) Kosovo, extended to include parts of vilayets Monastir (Bitola) and Selanik (Thessaloniki).
This paper narrows investigation on the roots of Old Serbia discourse in the 19th century European cartography and contemporary geographical knowledge of the Balkans. This period is deliberately chosen, as it parallels the period of the Ottoman Empire crisis and growing interest in the region by the European powers, paired with the rising national sentiments and the Balkan states’ ideologies of the same period. The geographical knowledge of the Balkan region grew constantly during this time, particularly through the travels and works of geographers and cartographers based in Austrian and German lands. Therefore, it is not by chance that first official usage of the term Old Serbia was in the map produced in 1845 by the Serbian government.
Contrary to the most of contemporary historiography on this topic, this analysis questions the genesis of the term Old Serbia itself, and takes into account both the foreign influences and the ideology of the Serbian state, interested in territory gains to the south, as well as the collective memory about the medieval Serbian realm.


27. Juni 2018
Vorträge

Legal scholarship and liberal constitutionalism in the Russian Empire: Philosophical approaches to failed constitutional projects from the last years of Tsarism

Ein Vortrag von Gastwissenschaftler Luis Rosenfield (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul [PUCRS] und Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos [UNISINOS]) 
Datum: 27. Juni 2018
Zeit: 15.00 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

The research project seeks to analyze some of the philosophical discussions around the liberal constitutionalism of the Russian Empire in the late XIXth and early XXth centuries, reviewing them in the light of the history of legal scholarship. The cornerstone of this work is to investigate the legal philosophies of Russian liberalism and the struggle for constitutional rights and the rule of law during the last decades of Tsarism. The investigation focuses on the tensions and challenges faced by the constitutional projects of Russian liberal jurists, who mostly failed to achieve their goals and proved incapable to block the advance of revolutionary models. With this immersion into Russian legal-political thought it is hoped to achieve lessons from the errors and efforts of this philosophical approach which might grant insights into contemporary legal problems, such as, for instance, the possibilities of implementing the principles of liberal constitutionalism in non-Western traditions.


11. Juli 2018
Vorträge

The role of eco-nationalism in the establishment of Ukrainian Green activists’ first international contacts in late perestroika period

Ein Vortrag von Gastwissenschaftlerin Tetiana Perga (Institute of World History of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine).

Datum: 11. Juli 2018
Zeit: 11 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

The discourse on the problems of eco-nationalism has developed over several decades now, but still it has many white spots. The influence of eco-nationalism on the mobilization of members of Western societies, especially representatives of the Ukrainian diaspora in late perestroika period, has not yet been investigated. The presentation will determine the features and potential of eco-nationalism that motivated Western activists to support this movement and attempt to establish contacts with Ukrainian Greens; identify key factors contributing to the growing communication between citizens of the East and West; analyze main channels of face-to-face communication created in the Ukrainian SSR by perestroika and the Chernobyl accident. Attention will be paid to the diaspora’s role in the building of transnational green networks and the integration of Ukrainian groups into them. The author will compare the activities of the Ukrainian diaspora in North America and Germany and try to find reasons for the significant difference in the behavior of the two communities.


17. Juli 2018
Vorträge

Self-Employment Can Be Good for Your Health

Ein Vortrag von Milena Nikolova (University of Groningen) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 17. Juli 2018
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

Drawing upon theoretical insights from the Job Demand-Control model, which links occupational characteristics to health, this paper provides the first causal evidence of the physical and mental health consequences of self-employment. Specifically, I utilize German longitudinal data for the period 2002-2014 and difference-in-differences estimations and find that both switches from unemployment to self-employment (necessity entrepreneurship) and transitions from regular employment to self-employment (opportunity entrepreneurship) lead to health enhancements for entrepreneurs with and without employees. Specifically, necessity entrepreneurs experience improvements in mental but not physical health, while opportunity entrepreneurship is associated with both physical and mental health gains, which is in line with the theoretical predictions. Importantly, the health improvements cannot be explained by changes in income or working conditions and are not driven by personality and risk preferences or the local unemployment conditions. The results have implications for entrepreneurship theory and practice, current and would-be entrepreneurs as well as policy-makers.


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