No. 11 (March 2016): Institutions and labour market outcomes in the EU

Labour market performance as measured by employment rates and inequality of income distribution show significant differences among EU countries. In 2014 the variation in employment rates was between 48.8% in Greece and 74.4% in Sweden. Inequality in income distribution as measured by S80/S20 income quintile share ratio ranges in 2013 from 3.4 in Czech Republic to 6.6 in Bulgaria, Romania and Greece and has risen especially in Southeast European countries during the last years. To some extent, labour market and social institutions may account for these differences. Implemented social models in Europe differ from each other by different combinations of policies and institutions showing the dimensions of social models. We use these dimensions to develop two indices which capture the employment and income distribution efficiency of social models i.e. shows how institutions impact on employment and income distribution. Both indices can be used to rank and compare the institutional quality of social models across EU countries.| Downlad (PDF, 842 KB)