12th Joint IOS/APB/EACES Summer Academy on Central and Eastern Europe 2020.
Dates: July 6–8, 2020
Location: Akademie für Politische Bildung Tutzing / Online ZOOM
Seminarreihe des Arbeitsbereichs Ökonomie am IOS
Zeit: Dienstag, 13.30–15.00 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109); vorerst online via Zoom, link wird mit den Einladungen verschickt!
Forschungslabor: „Geschichte und Sozialanthropologie Südost‐ und Osteuropas“
Zeit: Donnerstag, 14–16 Uhr (Lehrstuhl) oder 16–18 Uhr (Graduiertenschule und Leibniz-WissenschaftsCampus)
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017)
The transition from education to work in Central and Eastern Europe
Ein Vortrag von Michael Gebel (Universität Bamberg) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: WiOS, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)
This study summarizes key findings of a collaborative research project on the role of human capital and social resources in structuring young people's entries into the labour market in Central and Eastern European societies. Individual level data from nationally representative surveys from nine Central and Eastern European countries were analysed.
Regarding human capital, it is explored how patterns of institutional differentiation in education systems are linked to educational inequalities at the transition from education to work. At the secondary education level it is found that, compared to graduates from general tracks, graduates from vocational tracks experience a faster labour market entry and reach jobs of similar occupational status. Surprisingly, the advantages of vocational education exist irrespectively of the institutional organization of vocational training across all countries. At the level of higher education it is found that the vertical differentiation (in terms of the level of education degrees) and the horizontal institutional differentiation (in terms of the occupational specificity of education degrees) induce large inequalities in youth transition patterns. Moreover, post-socialist trends of privatization and marketization have introduced an additional line of institutional differentiation in higher education systems but it matters less than the degree level and occupational specificity.
Regarding social resources, it is shown that social networks, although widely used in the transition from education to work in post-socialist societies, do not pave the way to work and privileged jobs as it is often assumed. In transformation countries with more developed market structures searching via social networks speeds up labour market entry, however, at the price of higher risks of a lower job status. In transformation countries with less developed market structures personal connections even yield no economic benefits for job entry at all.