1. Oktober 2019
Vorträge

Harvesting Data: Farmers and Farms in a Digitalized World

Ein Vortrag von Ivan Durić (Leibniz-Institut für Agrarentwicklung in Transformationsökonomien [IAMO]) und Peter Wegenschimmel (IOS Regensburg) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 1. Oktober 2019
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

In addition to automation of manufacturing ("Industry 4.0"), digital process control is a key area of digitalisation. Digitalisation not only makes factories smarter but also reorganises the relationships between economic players, i.a. the production networks and value chains. The presentation highlights the interrelationship of value-chains’ and working worlds’ transformation in a cross-level analysis. In what manner the transformation of the value chains frames changes of work practices? To what extent the limits of production-based data generation on the micro-level constraints the reorganisation of the value chain? The inter-organisational and cross-level analysis are likely to unravel the paradoxes and ambiguities of the digital transformation: integration on the meso level can lead to coercive informatisation at the micro level. The presentation focuses on three processes: 1. a vertical integration along the food value chain, 2. isomorphism regarding data management along the food value chain, and 3. the melting of institutionalized boundaries between industries, organisations, and professions. These processes can be observed in post-soviet agro-industrial holdings. Agro-industrial holdings with hundreds of dispersed sites have a significant demand for digitalised value chain management and network technologies. After 2010, the agricultural industry emerged to be one of the most vivid fields of experimentation for digitalisation in the European semi-periphery.


19. September 2019
Vorträge

Patterns of migration and trade in Southeastern Europe during the 18th and 19th Centuries (Bulgarian and Greek entrepreneurial experience in comparative perspective)

Ein Vortrag von Ivaylo Naydenov  (Institute for Historical Studies, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences) - Gastwissenschaftler im IOS.
Datum
: Donnerstag, 19. September 2019
Zeit: 14 – 15:30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)


19. September 2019
Vorträge

Ostpolitik? Realpolitik? Deutsch-russische Beziehungen seit der Ukraine-Krise

Der Koordinator der Bundesregierung für Russland, Zentralasien und die Östliche Partnerschaft, Dirk Wiese, MdB, spricht am IOS über die Beziehungen zwischen Deutschland und Russland seit der Krise in der Ukraine. Seit deren Beginn im Jahr 2014 hat sich das Verhältnis zwischen Russland und Deutschland beziehungsweise der Europäischen Union stark verschlechtert. Wiese wird in seinem Vortrag verschiedene Aspekte des Themas beleuchten und auf mögliche Lösungswege eingehen. Er ist Jurist, SPD-Mitglied und seit 2013 Mitglied des Deutschen Bundestages. Die Veranstaltung wird gemeinsam vom IOS, der Graduiertenschule für Ost- und Südosteuropastudien und CITAS Regensburg - Center for International and Transnational Area Studies organisiert.
Datum: Donnerstag, 19. September 2019
Zeit: 18 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017)
Plakat


18. September 2019
Vorträge

Central Russia as a Periphery: Historical and Geographical Presentation Models from Imperial Times to Contemporary Russia

Ein Vortrag von Ekaterina Boltunova - Gastwissenschaftlerin im IOS.
Datum: Mittwoch, 18.09.2019
Zeit: 11 – 12:30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)


14. August 2019
Vorträge

Branding and Communicating the Armed Conflict in Ukraine

Ein Vortrag von Gregory Simons (Uppsala University/Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies [IRES]) - Gastwissenschaftler im IOS.
Datum: Mittwoch, 14. August 2019
Zeit: 15:00
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)


9. August 2019
Vorträge

Counterfactual impact evaluation of Programme ALFA - Technology Agency of the Czech Republic

Ein Vortrag von Petr Horák (Karls-Universität Prag).
Datum: Freitag, 9. August 2019
Zeit: 11:00
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

Technology Agency of the Czech Republic provides public funding of applied research divided into programmes. The impact of the first programme of TACR has been evaluated with use of Propensity Matching Score and Difference in Differences. The calculated impact of support for companies is positive for revenues but the effect on ROA and ROE is not so straighforward.


30. Juli 2019
Vorträge

Does facilitated access to the health system improve asylum-seekers’ health outcomes? Evidence from a quasi-experiment

Ein Vortrag von Yuliya Kosyakova (IAB Nürnberg) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 30. Juli 2019
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

As long as their asylum application  is  not  approved  or their duration of stay does not exceed 15 months, asylum-seekers who require doctor visit have to claim it either by the local authority for foreigners or the responsible social assistance office in Germany. Since 2016 several Federal states and municipalities in Germany have launched the procedure to hand out electronic health cards (eHC) which allow immediate direct access to the health system for asylum-seekers. In this paper, we examine whether being eligible to the eHC as a result of the policy change has had an effect on the  health  outcomes  of  asylum-seekers  in  Germany.  For  empirical  identification,  we  take  ad-vantage of the variation of the policy change across regions and over time. Relying on data from the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees, we find that the introduction of the reforms allowing asylum-seekers’  faster  and  more  direct  access  to  the  healthcare  system  indeed  reduced  the  risk  of  emotional disorder. We conclude by discussing the potential pros and contras of a comprehensive nationwide introduction of the eHC for asylum-seekers.


25. Juli 2019
Vorträge

Stalin and the Origins of Mistrust

Ein Vortrag von Milena Nikolova (University of Groningen) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 25. Juli 2019 (Donnerstag!)
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

We show that current differences in trust levels within former Soviet Union countries can be traced back to the system of forced prison labor during Stalin’s rule, which was marked by high incarceration rates, repression, and harsh punishments. We argue that those exposed to forced labor camps (gulags) became less trusting and transferred this social norm to their descendants. Combining contemporary individual-level survey data with historical information on the location of forced labor camps, we find that individuals who live near former gulags have low levels of social and institutional trust. Our results are robust to a battery of sensitivity checks, which suggests that the relationship we document is causal. We outline several causal mechanisms and test whether the social norm of mistrust near gulags developed because of political repression or due to fear that inmates bring criminality. As such, we provide novel evidence on the channels through which history matters for current socio-economic outcomes today.


24. Juli 2019
Vorträge

'Statistik' in the Habsburg Lands, 1790-1867 - Lessons from the Study of a Composite Field of State Knowledge

Ein Vortrag von Borbala Zsuzsanna Török - Gastwissenschaftlerin im IOS.
Datum: Mittwoch, 24. Juli 2019
Zeit: 15:30 - 17 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)


16. Juli 2019
Vorträge

Does homeownership hinder labor market activity? Evidence from housing privatization and restitution in Brno

Ein Vortrag von Josef Montag (Charles University in Prague) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 16. Juli 2019
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

We study the effects of homeownership on labor force participation and unemployment. We exploit housing privatization and restitution after the fall of communism as a source exogenous assignment of homeowner/renter status, using a unique dataset from the city of Brno, Czech Republic. We do not find any evidence of homeownership hindering labor force participation. In fact, our estimates suggest that homeownership reduces unemployment by four to six percentage points. Homeownership appears to decrease the risk of unemployment by about one third to one half, relative to renters. The estimated effects on labor force participation are systematically around zero.


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