16. Mai 2019
Vorträge

The Peace Treaty of Versailles: The Role of Maps in Creation of Yugoslavia in the Aftermath of the WWI

Ein Vortrag von Prof. Dr. Mirela Altić (Institute of Social Sciences, Head of Centre for Urban and Local History, Zagreb) – Gastwissenschaftlerin im IOS
Datum: Donnerstag, 16. Mai 2019
Zeit: 10 – 11:30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)


14. Mai 2019
Vorträge

The effects of the war in Donbas on the social distance between linguistic and ethnic groups in Ukraine

Ein Vortrag von Laura Eras (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 14. Mai 2019
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

Has the war in Donbas increased the social distance between linguistic and ethnic groups in Ukraine? This question adds to several debates about Ukrainian society, such as the impact of the war on the social, political and economic development of the country, the importance of ethnic and linguistic identities or the nature of Ukrainian nationalism. Apart from a better understanding of Ukraine, the research on this topic allows us to learn more about how conflicts – both international and domestic – affect attitudes towards outgroups. Analyzing survey data (Kyiv International Institute of Sociology omnibus survey) from 1995-2017, I find that the social distance towards Russian-speaking Ukrainians increased after 2014 for ethnic Ukrainians and Ukrainian-speakers. However, this effect is relatively small and short-term. Interestingly, from the point of view of the Russian-speaking Ukrainians, the social distance towards the Ukrainian-speaking population did not increase. The results indicate that interethnic attitudes only slightly worsened after the beginning of the war. This finding suggests that at least on an interpersonal level ethnic and linguistic cleavages have not deepened during the last years.


7. Mai 2019
Vorträge

Self-Selection Into Public Service When Corruption is Widespread: Evidence from Post-Soviet Russia

Ein Vortrag von Dmitriy Vorobyev (Ural Federal University and CERGE-EI Prague) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 7. Mai 2019
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

Drawing on experimental games and surveys conducted with students at two universities in Russia, we compare the behavioral, attitudinal, and demographic traits of students seeking public sector employment to the traits of their peers seeking jobs in the private sector. Contrary to similar studies conducted in other high-corruption contexts, such as India, we find evidence that students who prefer a public sector career display less willingness to cheat or bribe in experimental games as well as higher levels of altruism. One interpretation of these findings is that corruption in Russia results from the transformation of bureaucrats’ behavior and attitudes after entering the civil service, rather than through a process of corrupt self-selection. Another interpretation is that despite widespread corruption, state employment in Russia genuinely attracts at least some of the younger generation for idealistic reasons beyond personal enrichment or job security. Implications of these and other interpretations for the creation of effective anti-corruption policies and for understanding of state capacity in contexts where corruption is widespread are discussed.


23. April 2019
Vorträge

The Causal Effects of R&D subsidies Revisited: Instrumental variable approach

Ein Vortrag von Oleg Sidorkin (IOS Regensburg) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 23. April 2019
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

We study heterogeneous effects of research and development (R&D) subsidies on applications for intellectual property rights using a unique dataset on the evaluation of grant applications in the Czech Republic over 2011-2014. We exploit variation in the leniency of randomly assigned experts, who evaluate grant applications, to give higher or lower scores as a novel instrumental variable. As a result, we show that R&D subsidies have strong positive short-term effects on propensity to apply for patents and the number of patent applications. We also study whether public subsidies provide incentives to apply for intellectual property rights of inferior quality for reporting purposes, and partially confirm this hypothesis. The main findings are driven to a large extent by firms with higher prior research intensity.


16. April 2019
Vorträge

Corporatism and the Labour Income Share

Ein Vortrag von Mario Holzner (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies/Wiener Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsvergleiche) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 16. April 2019
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the changing impact of corporatism – cooperation between business, labour and state interest groups – over the period 1960-2010 and across industrialised economies on the development of the share of labour in national income. Also due to data issues this relationship has not been extensively analysed in the literature so far. A new time-variant corporatism index developed by Jahn (2016) allows us to fill this gap. Using different panel data techniques, samples and control variables, our main results suggest that there is a robust non-linear relationship at work. While the linear effects of both corporatism and the public sector share are positive, the coefficient of the interaction term of these two institutional indicators is negative and hence indicates a negative slope for countries with both a high level of corporatism and a large government share in GDP in explaining the change as well as the level of the adjusted wage share in the long run. To a certain extent the two institutions can be seen as substitutes. In countries where the role of the state has been reduced, the existence of a more centralised wage bargaining system has limited the extent of the fall in the share of labour in national income. In countries with less prevalent collective bargaining systems, a similar effect can be achieved by higher government spending. We therefore argue for a stronger role for centralised wage bargaining in economic policy-making, especially in countries where the share of government spending in GDP is low.


12. März 2019
Podiumsdiskussion

Die Präsidentschaftswahlen in der Ukraine – ukrainische und internationale Aspekte

Öffentliche Podiumsdiskussion im Rahmen der Winterschule Ukraine (Prof. Dr. Volodymyr Kulyk, Kiew; Dr. Andreas Umland, Kiew; Generalkonsul/ Konsul des Generalkonsulates der Ukraine in München; Moderation: Prof. Dr. Guido Hausmann)
Datum: Dienstag, 12. März 2019
Zeit: 17.00–19.00 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 319, 3. OG)
Plakat


11. März 2019
Vorträge

Die neue unabhängige orthodoxe Kirche der Ukraine

Öffentlicher Vortrag im Rahmen der Winterschule Ukraine: PD Dr. Andrij Mychaleyko (Collegium Orientale Eichstätt)
Datum: Montag, 11. März 2019
Zeit: 18.00–19.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017, EG)
Plakat


12. Februar 2019
Vorträge

The Political Cycle of Road Traffic Accidents

Ein Vortrag von Paola Bertoli (University of Economics in Prague) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 12. Februar 2019
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

Road traffic accidents often mean lost productivity and medical expenditures. We explain trends in traffic accidents as a function of the political cycle using municipal data from Italy. We show that during municipal election years, the accident rate increases by 2.2%, with a 2.5% increase in the injury rate but no effect on the fatality rate. The effects are stronger in the two quarters prior the quarter in which the election is held, when the electoral campaign is intense, and in the second quarter after the election, when the elected mayor takes office. We argue that this is the result of a decrease in ticket rates during election years, as the expenditures on traffic police increase. Our results are robustly driven by the municipal political cycle defined in different ways, and their magnitude and direction are not explained by spillover effects between municipalities. Proximity to a national police station reduces the impact of local elections on injury rates.


5. Februar 2019
Vorträge

Doubling Up or Moving Out? The Effect of International Labor Migration on Household Size

Ein Vortrag von Ksenija Gatskova (IOS Regensburg) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 5. Februar 2019
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

Previous literature suggests that households may react to wealth fluctuations by increasing or decreasing the number of members sharing the same residence. We use a unique three-wave household panel data from Tajikistan to explore the change in household size as a response to income shifts related to international labor migration. In addition, we analyze the interaction between effects of idiosyncratic income increase resulted from a successful migration episode and the one of an aggregate shock – the global financial crisis – and show how different households adjust their family size during times of financial hardship. The empirical evidence indicates that the successful migration episode two years before the interview was associated with a decrease in family size due to some of the family members’ moving out. At the same time, people were more likely to live in larger households during the crisis year than before and after the crisis. Empirical analysis yields that migrant families were not different from non-migrant families with respect to the doubling up as response to financial crisis, which suggests that labor migration in Tajikistan does not insure against economic shocks in the long run.


29. Januar 2019
Vorträge

Conflict and Trade: Evidence from Russian-Ukrainian Trade Transactions

Ein Vortrag von Vasily Korovkin (CERGE-EI and UCLA Anderson School of Management) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 29. Januar 2019
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

This study presents novel evidence on the effects of conflict on trade in non-conflict areas. We examine the context of the ongoing Russian military intervention in Ukraine. In a difference-in-differences framework, we leverage a newly compiled firm-level panel with the universe of Ukrainian trade transactions from 2013 through 2016 and exploit substantial spatial variation in the ethnolinguistic composition of Ukrainian counties. The estimates suggest that Ukrainian firms from counties with fewer ethnic Russians experienced a deeper decline in trade with Russia. We argue that this result stems from increased inter-ethnic tensions and a differential rise in negative attitudes and beliefs about Russia. Evidence indicates that possible mechanisms include consumer boycotts of Russian products, reputational concerns of Ukrainian firms, and a breakdown of trust in contract enforcement. In contrast, we find no evidence for individual-level animosity between firms’ key decision makers or discrimination at the border. We also rule out that the differential decline in trade only arises from economic spillovers, such as refugee flows and destruction of supply chains with conflict areas.


Treffer 51 bis 60 von 351

< Vorherige

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Nächste >

To top