15. Januar 2019
Vorträge

The Impact of Financial Resources on Corporate Inventions

Ein Vortrag von David Heller (Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 15. Januar 2019
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

This paper empirically investigates the impact of financial resources on firm-level patenting. The study utilizes the European Commission’s effort to harmonize financial markets, the so-called Financial Service Action Plan, during the 2000s as a plausibly exogenous shift improving firms’ access to funding. First, I show that financial market harmonization leads to increased bank lending to ex ante financially constrained firms. Second, I study whether and how affected firms adjust their patenting activities in terms of several value-relevant characteristics. I find that increased funding is associated with more patents in quantitative terms but of lower average technological quality and value. Moreover, affected firms alternate towards filing fewer explorative (i.e. impactful and generally applicable) but rather incremental patents. These results illustrate a more multilayered impact of finance on inventive activities than commonly suggested. I thus provide novel insights on the role of financial resources as crucial input factor for firm-level inventions against the background of a recent political agenda.


12. Dezember 2018
Vorträge

Aktuelle Entwicklungen in der Hochschullandschaft Russlands

Ein Vortrag von Dr. Peter Hiller (Bonn).
Datum: Mittwoch, 12 Dezember 2018
Zeit: 16 –18 Uhr
Ort: Graduiertenschule für Ost- und Südosteuropastudien, Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 017)


11. Dezember 2018
Vorträge

Climate resilience via agricultural insurance in Central Asia

Ein Vortrag von Ihtiyor Bobojonov (Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies [IAMO]) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 11. Dezember 2018
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

Although there is a wide range of technologies available to cope with ever growing climate risk, the application of these technologies in practice is difficult because of financial limitations and risk adverse attitude of farmers. Insurance could be considered as a tool which could enable farmers to invest into adaptation strategies. Insured farmers may have more motivation to make farm investments and gain access to credit markets. The expected positive effects on productivity and resource use efficiency thus may contribute overall sustainable development in the region. Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan already have functioning insurance markets and also other countries are considering establishment of an agricultural insurance sector. However, currently only traditional insurance products are sold while innovative index-based products are not yet tested in the conditions of the region. Therefore, this project aims at introducing index-based insurance products in cooperation with insurance and re-insurance companies from Germany. The project has three work packages: 1) Identification of suitable index-insurance products 2) Establishing demonstration experiments where insurance products will be sold to sample of farmers in three countries in the region; 3) Ex-post analysis of insurance impact on food security, climate resilience and sustainability via a randomized controlled trial design. The project is conducted by regional and international institutes in cooperation with a re-insurance company from Germany.


4. Dezember 2018
Vorträge

Climate Change and Violence: Evidence from Russia

Ein Vortrag von Vladimir Otrachshenko (Nova School of Business and Economics/IOS Regensburg) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 4. Dezember 2018
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

We use a dataset on violent crime and daily temperatures across regions of Russia to assess the effect of climate change on violent mortality. Our measure goes beyond the crime statistics, covering all violence with mortal consequences. We are able to estimate the effect of hot days on female and male victimization, as well as across age groups, for workdays and weekdays. Hot days significantly increase the incidence of mortal violence. Violence victimizing women 25 to 59 years old and men between 45 and 59 rises dramatically on weekends. Men aged 45 to 59 are twice as likely to be victims of violence on weekends as opposed to weekdays. Days with unusually low temperatures do not elicit the same level of violence, either because of diminished social interaction or lower influence of psychological and biological triggers.


27. November 2018
Vorträge

The impact of supplemental private health insurance on health-related behaviours and outcomes: new evidence from Russia

Ein Vortrag von Christopher Gerry (University of Oxford) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 27. November 2018
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

This paper contributes to the discussion around ex-post (increased utilisation of health care) and  ex-ante (changes in health behaviours) moral hazard in voluntary, supplemental private health insurance. Applying a novel fixed effects ordered choice methodology on data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey – Higher School of Economics we compare the impact of workplace provided and individually purchased supplemental health insurance on the utilisation of health care, on a range of health behaviours and on self-assessed health. We find compelling evidence of ex-post moral hazard that confirms a theoretical predication and empirical regularity found in other settings. In contrast to other empirical findings though, our data reveals evidence of ex-ante moral hazard demonstrated by clear behavioural differences between those with self-funded supplemental health insurance and those for whom the workplace finances the additional insurance. We find no evidence that either form of insurance is related to improved self-assessed health.


20. November 2018
Vorträge

Natural resources and income inequality: Synthetic control method evidence

Ein Vortrag von Olga Popova (IOS Regensburg) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 20. November 2018
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

We examine the causal effect of natural resource discoveries on income inequality using the synthetic control method on data from 1947 to 2009. We focus on the natural discoveries in Denmark, Netherlands and Norway in the 1960-1970s and use top 1% and top 10% income share as the measure of income inequality. Many previous studies have been concerned that natural resources may increase income inequality. To the contrary, our results suggest that natural resources decrease income inequality or have no effect. We attribute this effect to the high institutional quality of countries we examine.


15. November 2018
Vorträge

Employment effects of payroll tax subsidies

Ein Vortrag von Regina Riphahn (Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 15. November 2018 (Donnerstag!)
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

This paper exploits several reforms of wage subsidies in the framework of the German Minijob program to investigate substitution and complementarity relationships between subsidized and non-subsidized labor demand. We apply an instrumental variables approach and use administrative data on German establishments for the period 1999-2014. Particularly in small establishments (0-9 employees), subsidized Minijob employment comprises large shares of the work force, on average over 40 percent. For these establishments, robust evidence shows that increasing the subsidization of Minijob employment crowds out non-subsidized employment. Our results imply that Minijob employment in 2014 may have eliminated more than 0.5 million unsubsidized employment relationships just in small establishments.


14. November 2018
Vorträge

Migration und Flucht: Worüber reden wir eigentlich (nicht)?

Vortrag und Gespräch mit Prof.Dr. Jochen Oltmer, Professor für Migrationsgeschichte, Mitglied des Instituts für Migrationsforschung und Interkulturelle Studien (IMIS).
In Kooperation mit dem EBW und CampusAsyl.
Datum: Mittwoch, 14. November 2018
Zeit: 19 – 21:30 Uhr
Ort: EBW, Am Ölberg 2, 93047 Regensburg
Plakat


6. November 2018
Vorträge

Die andere Seite der Migration: Wie Auswanderung einen großen Teil Europas verändert

Ein Vortrag von Ulf Brunnbauer (IOS) im Rahmen der Reihe "Leibniz-Lektionen" der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft und der Urania Berlin
Datum: 6. November 2018
Zeit: 19.30 Uhr
Ort: Urania Berlin, An der Urania 17, 10787 Berlin

Kein anderes Thema wird heute von den Bevölkerungen Europas so sehr als "Problem Nr. 1" wahrgenommen wie Migration. Quer über den Kontinent herrscht der Eindruck vor, noch nie wären so viele Menschen zugewandert; Rechtspopulisten feiern Erfolge, Regierungen im östlichen Europe präsentieren ihre xenophobe Politik als Verteidigung Europas. Vergessen wird, dass die größten Migrationsbewegungen innerhalb der EU stattfinden – und dass Einwanderung in ein Land Auswanderung aus einem anderen Land bedeutet. In dem Vortrag wird es um diese Seite des Migrationsgeschehens gehen: Was passiert mit Gesellschaften, aus denen viele Menschen auswandern? Südosteuropa, mit seiner langen Auswanderungstradition, kann darauf Antworten geben. Gleichzeitig ist dies eine Geschichte und Gegenwart der Ungleichheit in Europa – eine für den Zusammenhalt der EU zentrale Herausforderung. Der Eintritt ist frei, eine Anmeldung ist nicht nötig.


6. November 2018
Vorträge

Driven by history: The Czech presidential elections

Ein Vortrag von Martin Guzi (Masaryk University, Brno) im Rahmen der Seminarreihe des AB Ökonomie am IOS.
Datum: 6. November 2018
Zeit: 13.30 Uhr
Ort: Leibniz-Institut für Ost-und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), Landshuter Str. 4 (Raum 109)

We use data from public voting in the Czech presidential elections to show the connection between historical legacies and voting behavior. The issue of the German expulsion and Beneš decrees was raised before the second round of presidential campaign against Karel Schwarzenberg who eventually lost the elections. The analysis of voting behavior is based on results from two rounds of presidential elections organized within 14 days in 2013. Our identification strategy exploits the variation in voting behavior in former-Czech and former-German areas, with latter being affected by the Czechoslovakia’s postwar expulsion of the German population. We hypothesize that the discussion about the validity of Beneš decrees raised concerns about the return of property to original owners only in areas affected by the postwar expulsion and resettlement process. The preliminary results confirm the increase in voter turnout in the second round of election in former-German settlements. We further illustrate the increasing support for a winning candidate (Miloš Zeman) in these settlements and discuss the potential mechanism. By measuring the sensitivity of voting behavior to historical events we bring attention to factors that have impact on voters’ decisions.


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